Rūdolfs Blaumanis

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NameRūdolfs Blaumanis
Zusätzliche NamenKārlis Leonīds
PseudonymĀrīšu Andrs, J. Blēdriķis, Grāvracis, Grāvraču Anna, Jonatāns, Kakluvalgs, Klimbims, Leonīds, L. Lūlands, Jirgensonu Pēteris, J. Sīkums, Pulieris, SinamUalb, Vecais Grāvracis, Zobgals
ZusammenfassungRūdolfs Blaumanis (1862–1908), a Latvian writer, journalist and playwright, the most notable Latvian writer of late 19th and early 20th century, and is regarded as a Latvian literary classic. A master of Latvian realism, he is known for his plays, poems, and translations, as well as for his journalistic work.
Persönliche InformationRūdolfs Blaumanis was born in Ērgļi, Latvia to a family of servants in the local manor. His father Matīss Blaumanis was a cook, and his mother Karlīne – a housemaid.
1875: he studied in a private school in Ogre parish.
1881: he went to study in a 2. Riga district German merchant school.
1887–1889: he lived in his childhood home and wrote several novels both in Latvian and German.
1889: he moved to Riga and wrote for a newspaper about Latvian cultural affairs.
1890: his first play Zagļi (Thieves) was staged in Riga.
For a brief period, he worked in the New Current movement's main newspaper Dienas Lapa where he published satire criticizing romanticism.
He worked as a journalist and critic for several German and Latvian newspapers. Blaumanis was the editor of the satirical supplement "Purva mala" (On Swamp's Edge) to "Pēterburgas Avīzes" (St. Petersburg Gazette), a Latvian newspaper out of St. Petersburg in the early 20th century and later in the newspaper "Latvija".
1901: he moved to St. Petersburg, where he led a satirical section of the famous Latvian newspaper Pēterburgas avīzes.
1904: due to the financial and health problems, he returned to Latvia. In this period, he wrote some of his most famous plays.
Although Blaumanis was not directly involved in the Revolution of 1905, he supported writers who were.
1908: his health started to decline, and although with the help of fellow Latvian writers he was able to go to Finland for treatment, his state was already critical and he died on 4 September 1908 in the Punkaharju sanatorium for tubercular patients.
Professionelle Tätigkeit1882: Blaumanis' first story Wiedergefunden (Found Again) was published in a German newspaper Zeitung für Stadt und Land.
1886: his first poem in Latvian Nakts (Night) was published.

Prose

1887: Nezāle [The Weeds].
1887: Pērkoņa negaiss [Thunderstorm].
1887: Paradīzē [In Paradise].
1888: Aizvien lillā [Still Purple].
1888: Spijēnos [In Spijēni].
1889: Kā vecais Zemītis pašu nelabo redzējis [How Zemītis saw the Devil Himself].
1889: Raudupiete.
1890: Īstā līgaviņa [The Betrothed Bride].
1895: Stāsts par cūku, kura runājuse [A Tale about the Talking Pig].
1898: Laimes klēpī [On the Lap of Fortune].
1898: Purva bridējs [Through the Marshland].
1898: Salna pavasarī [Frost in Spring].
1899: Andriksons.
1899: Nāves ēnā [In the Shadow of Death].
1900: Mopsis jeb Nelaime Tērbatas ielā [The Pooch, or the Misfortune on Tērbata Street].
1901: Dziru Miķelis [Miķeis from Dziras].
1904: Stulbenis [The Stupid].
1907: Vecais cenzors [The Old Censor].
1907: Mēmais precinieks [The Mute Bridegroom].
1907: Kā Jānis mācījies par kalēju [How Janis Learned to be a Carpenter].
1907: Koka krusts [Wooden Cross].
1907: Velniņi [The Little Devils].

Satirical prose

1894: Labāko famīliju dzejnieks [The Poet of Best Families].
1907: Īsa pamācība mīlēšanā [A Short Lesson in Love].
1907: Jocīgi kapu uzraksti [Silly Gravestones].

Plays

1891: Zagļi [Thieves].
1892: Ļaunais gars [The Evil Spirit].
1893: Pazudušais dēls [The Lost Son].
1893: Maija [Maija].
1895: Zelta kupris [The Golden Toad].
1897: Trīnes grēki [Trine's Sins].
1897: Potivāra nams [Potivaire's House].
1901: No saldenās pudeles [From the Sweet Bottle].
1902: Skroderdienas Silmačos [The Tailor Days in Silmači]. A. Valtera, J. Rapas un biedru apg. 1902.
1904: Indrāni [The Indrāni Home].
1905: Ugunī [In Fire].
1908: Sestdienas vakars [Saturday Evening].

Galerie der Zitate"Among Blaumanis' most notable works are his play comedy Skroderdienas Silmačos (The Tailor Days at Silmači, 1902), and his dramas Indrāni (1904) and Ugunī (In Fire, published 1905, staged 1906). Blaumanis drama is characterized by sharp conflict caused by contradicting characters and inner struggles."

http://www.latvianliterature.lv/en/writers/111

"Both in the collection "Pie skala uguns" and in his later works, the writer has removed the sometimes intrusive presence of the author and let the characters live an autonomous life. Blaumanis' works draw their power from the masterful depiction of entangled relationships and contradictions among people and their often tragic resolution. Blaumanis' works lack pseudo-national sentimentality, the life they reflect is never idealised. Blaumanis expressed social pathos and his sympathy for the plight of the Latvian poeple in prose works, drama, poetry, and satire. In his works, Blaumanis focuses on the conflicts between the heart and mind, and portrays the depths of human emotions, both positive and negative. His protagonists are rooted in the Latvian nature, yet their appeal is universal. The search for human harmony is centred around the ideal of family and native land."

SaiknesArvīds Blaumanis - Bruder
NodarbesSchriftsteller
play writer
Birth place01.01.1863
Ērgļi
Ērgļi, Ērgļu pagasts, Ērgļu novads

Residence1863–1868
Ērgļi
Ērgļi, Ērgļu pagasts, Ērgļu novads

He spent the first five and a half years of his life at Ērgļi Manor.


1868–1908
Braki
"Braki", Ērgļu pagasts, Ērgļu novads, LV-4840

In "Braki" Rūdolfs Blaumanis resided for the most part of his life.


1875–1882
Rīga
Rīga

1887
Rīga
Rīga

1890–1894
Rīga
Rīga

1900
Cēsis
Cēsis, Cēsu novads

In 1900 for a short period he lived with his brother Arvīds at Bērzaines school.


1901–1904
Sanktpēterburga
Saint Petersburg, Leningrad Oblast

In 1901 Blaumanis started working in St. Petersburg for the newspaper "St. Petersburg Newspapers".


1905
Valmiera
Valmiera

In 1905 Blaumanis lived in Valmiera for some time.


1906–1908
Alberta iela 12–9, Rīga
Alberta iela 12 - 9, Rīga, LV-1010

Between 1906 and 1908, Blaumanis periodically lived in Alberta Street 12-9, as a sub-tenant of Janis Rozentals. Today the Janis Rozentāls and Rūdolfs Blaumanis Memorial Museum is located here.

Education1872–1875
Ogre
Ogre, Ogres novads

He studied at Annas Rubīnas German Private School in Ogre Parish.


1875–1881
Rīga
Rīga

He studied at the 2nd Riga District German Trade School on Palasta Street 9.

Working place1881–1882
Šķūņu iela, Rīga
Šķūņu iela, Rīga

Rūdolfs Blaumanis first work place was at Johann George Fahrabach's hop warehouse and commission shop at Šķūņu Street 5 in Riga, where he worked as an apprentice.


1885–1887
Kokneses muiža
Blaumaņa iela 3, Koknese, Kokneses pagasts, Kokneses novads, LV-5113

Rūdolfs Blaumanis worked at the Koknese Manor.


00.09.1887–00.04.1894
Rīga
Rīga

Rūdolfs Blaumanis works in liberal Baltic Germnan newspaper “Zeitung für Stadt und Land”.


1901–1904
Sanktpēterburga
Saint Petersburg, Leningrad Oblast

In 1901 he started working in St. Petersburg for the newspaper "St. Petersburg Newspapers" published by Oskars Rāviņš.


1906–1907
Laikraksts "Latvija" (1905–1915)
Rīga
Rīga
Place of death04.09.1908
Takaharju
Takaharju, Savonlinna, Finland

Burried02.09.1923
Ērgļi
Ērgļi, Brunavas pagasts, Bauskas novads
Memorials02.09.1923
Ērgļi
Ērgļi, Brunavas pagasts, Bauskas novads

In the center of the peasant cemetery of the Old Cemetery of Ērgļi is the tomb of the Latvian writer Rūdolfs Blaumanis (1863-1908).


10.11.1929
Bastejkalns
Bastejkalns, Rīga

The Blaumanis Monument is the first public monument created for a Latvian cultural worker. Opened on November 10, 1929. in the canal greenery. The author of the monument is the sculptor Teodors Zaļkalns.

Museums10.05.1959
Rūdolfa Blaumaņa memoriālais muzejs "Braki"
Braki
"Braki", Ērgļu pagasts, Ērgļu novads, LV-4840

Blaumanis family began living in "Braki" in 1868. Rūdolfs Blaumanis, with short breaks, lived here all his life.


1973
Jānis Rozentāls and Rūdolfs Blaumanis Museum
Alberta iela 12–9, Rīga
Alberta iela 12 - 9, Rīga, LV-1010

Between 1906 and 1908, Blaumanis periodically lived in Alberta Street 12-9, as a sub-tenant of Janis Rozentals. Today the Janis Rozentāls and Rūdolfs Blaumanis Memorial Museum is located here. The museum has a memorial room for Blaumanis.

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#OrtDatumTypVietas tipsFragment des Textes
   
1Ērgļi
(Ērgļi, Ērgļu pagasts, Ērgļu novads)
01.01.1863Birth placeCiems
2Ērgļi
(Ērgļi, Ērgļu pagasts, Ērgļu novads)
1863 - 1868ResidenceCiems
3Braki
("Braki", Ērgļu pagasts, Ērgļu novads, LV-4840)
1868 - 1908ResidenceViensēta
4Ogre
(Ogre, Ogres novads)
1872 - 1875EducationPilsēta
5Rīga
(Rīga)
1875 - 1882ResidencePilsēta
6Rīga
(Rīga)
1875 - 1881EducationPilsēta
7Šķūņu iela, Rīga1881 - 1882Working placeIela
8Kokneses muiža
(Blaumaņa iela 3, Koknese, Kokneses pagasts, Kokneses novads, LV-5113)
1885 - 1887Working placeMuiža
9Rīga
(Rīga)
1887ResidencePilsēta
10Rīga
(Rīga)
31.08.1887 - 31.03.1894Working placePilsēta
11Rīga
(Rīga)
1890 - 1894ResidencePilsēta
12Cēsis
(Cēsis, Cēsu novads)
1900ResidencePilsēta
13Sanktpēterburga
(Saint Petersburg, Leningrad Oblast)
1901 - 1904ResidencePilsēta
14Sanktpēterburga
(Saint Petersburg, Leningrad Oblast)
1901 - 1904Working placePilsēta
15Valmiera
(Valmiera)
1905ResidencePilsēta
16Rīga
(Rīga)
1906 - 1907Working placePilsēta
17Alberta iela 12–9, Rīga
(Alberta iela 12 - 9, Rīga, LV-1010)
1906 - 1908ResidenceDzīvoklis
18Takaharju
(Takaharju, Savonlinna, Finland)
04.09.1908Place of deathCiems
19Ērgļi
(Ērgļi, Brunavas pagasts, Bauskas novads)
02.09.1923BurriedCiems
20Ērgļi
(Ērgļi, Brunavas pagasts, Bauskas novads)
02.09.1923MemorialsCiems

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